Monday, 18 May,

Do you want two Gardens?

Posted in (55) Tafsīr Sūraħ Ar-Raḥmān tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , at 12:38 pm by Ibn Abi Ukhti

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

If your answer to the question is yes, then read what Allāh سبحانه و تعالى has to say about those who deserve two Gardens in Surat ar-Raḥmān,

وَلِمَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ جَنَّتَانِ

“But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise).”[1]

Imām al-Māwardī رحمه الله writes three statements regarding this ayah,

“Firstly:  Whoever fears to stand before his Lord after the performance of the obligations said Ibn ‘Abbās

Secondly:   He is distressed with his sin and he leaves it as soon as he remembers his standing before his Lord said Mujāhid

Thirdly:  It was specifically revealed for Abū Bakr رضي الله عنه when he remembered a day the Paradise will be brought near and the Hell will be emerged said ‘Aṭā’ and Ibn Shudhab.”[2]

Ibn ‘Abbās رضي الله عنهما said,

“Feared then had Taqwa and the one who feared (khā’if); is the one who rode upon the obedience of Allāh and left His disobedience.”[3]

Ibrāhīm رحمه الله said,

“When he intends to commit a sin, the fear of Allāh overtakes him.”[4]

Qatādah رحمه الله said,

“Verily, the believers are fearful of the standing so they work for it, come close to it and worship by day and night (in preparation).”[5]

Abud Dardā’ رضي الله عنه said, that Rasūl Allāh صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

‘But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise).’ I said, ‘Even if he commits adultery/fornication and theft?’ He said, ‘In spite of if he commits adultery/fornication and theft, Abud Dardā’!”[6]

Muḥammad bin ‘Alī at-Tirmidhī رحمه الله said,

“Paradise is for the one who fears his Lord and Paradise is also for the one who forsakes his desires.”[7]

Imām athTh‘ālabī رحمه الله says,

“For everyone who fears (Allāh سبحانه و تعالى) are two Gardens (in Paradise)”[8]

مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ

Imām al-Māwardī رحمه الله says in tafsīr, “And regarding ‘standing before his Lord’, are two statements,

“Firstly: It is the standing in front of the examination and accountability.

Secondly:  It is the standing before Allāh تعالى with the numbers of what is acquired either of good or bad.”[9]

جَنَّتَانِ

And in then he mentions many points regarding this word,

“Firstly:  Paradise of the humans and the Paradise of the Jinns said Mujāhid

Secondly:  The inhabitable Paradise (‘Adn) and the Paradise of delights (Na‘īm) said Muqātil

Thirdly:  They will be two orchards from the orchards of Paradise

Fourthly:  One of the Gardens will be his station and the other one will be his wives’ and servants’ station just as the leaders in the world do.

Fifth supporting point:  One of the two Gardens will be his residence and the other will be his orchard

And sixth supporting point: One of the two Gardens will be the low palaces and the other will be the higher ones.”[10]


[1] Surat ar-Raḥmān, 55:46

[2] An-Nakat wal-‘Uyūn

[3] Jām‘i al-Bayān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān

[4] Ibid

[5] Ibid

[6] Ibid

[7] Jām‘i li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān

[8] Jawāhir al-assān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān

[9] An-Nakat wal-‘Uyūn

[10] Ibid

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