Wednesday, 29 July,

You will Recognise in their Faces the Brightness of Delight

Posted in (76) Tafsīr Sūraħ Al-Insān tagged , , , , , , , , , , at 12:08 am by Ibn al-Kashmiri

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

Allāh سبحانه و تعالى tells us about the people of Jannaħ, that delight would be apparent from their faces,

تَعْرِفُ فِي وُجُوهِهِمْ نَضْرَةَ النَّعِيمِ

“You will recognise in their faces the brightness of delight.” [83:24]

Imām al-Māwardī رحمه الله writes in his tafsīr, An-Nakat wal-cUyūn, regarding the meaning of nacīm or delight as mentioned in the translation,

“First: It is the freshness and comfort, said Ibn Shajaraħ رحمه الله

Second: It is the whiteness, said aḍ-Ḍaḥḥāk رحمه الله

Third: It is a spring in Paradise from which they will perform wuḍū’ and wash themselves which will bring upon them the brightness of delight, said cAlī رحمه الله.”

So the people of Paradise will be happy and their delight would be evident from their brightened faces. And this will be because they prepared and worked for the Paradise and earned it by Allāh سبحانه و تعالى being merciful to them.

May Allāh سبحانه و تعالى make us amongst these people. Amīn

Monday, 18 May,

Do you want two Gardens?

Posted in (55) Tafsīr Sūraħ Ar-Raḥmān tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , at 12:38 pm by Ibn al-Kashmiri

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

If your answer to the question is yes, then read what Allāh سبحانه و تعالى has to say about those who deserve two Gardens in Surat ar-Raḥmān,

وَلِمَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ جَنَّتَانِ

“But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise).”[1]

Imām al-Māwardī رحمه الله writes three statements regarding this ayah,

“Firstly:  Whoever fears to stand before his Lord after the performance of the obligations said Ibn ‘Abbās

Secondly:   He is distressed with his sin and he leaves it as soon as he remembers his standing before his Lord said Mujāhid

Thirdly:  It was specifically revealed for Abū Bakr رضي الله عنه when he remembered a day the Paradise will be brought near and the Hell will be emerged said ‘Aṭā’ and Ibn Shudhab.”[2]

Ibn ‘Abbās رضي الله عنهما said,

“Feared then had Taqwa and the one who feared (khā’if); is the one who rode upon the obedience of Allāh and left His disobedience.”[3]

Ibrāhīm رحمه الله said,

“When he intends to commit a sin, the fear of Allāh overtakes him.”[4]

Qatādah رحمه الله said,

“Verily, the believers are fearful of the standing so they work for it, come close to it and worship by day and night (in preparation).”[5]

Abud Dardā’ رضي الله عنه said, that Rasūl Allāh صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

‘But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise).’ I said, ‘Even if he commits adultery/fornication and theft?’ He said, ‘In spite of if he commits adultery/fornication and theft, Abud Dardā’!”[6]

Muḥammad bin ‘Alī at-Tirmidhī رحمه الله said,

“Paradise is for the one who fears his Lord and Paradise is also for the one who forsakes his desires.”[7]

Imām athTh‘ālabī رحمه الله says,

“For everyone who fears (Allāh سبحانه و تعالى) are two Gardens (in Paradise)”[8]

مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ

Imām al-Māwardī رحمه الله says in tafsīr, “And regarding ‘standing before his Lord’, are two statements,

“Firstly: It is the standing in front of the examination and accountability.

Secondly:  It is the standing before Allāh تعالى with the numbers of what is acquired either of good or bad.”[9]


And in then he mentions many points regarding this word,

“Firstly:  Paradise of the humans and the Paradise of the Jinns said Mujāhid

Secondly:  The inhabitable Paradise (‘Adn) and the Paradise of delights (Na‘īm) said Muqātil

Thirdly:  They will be two orchards from the orchards of Paradise

Fourthly:  One of the Gardens will be his station and the other one will be his wives’ and servants’ station just as the leaders in the world do.

Fifth supporting point:  One of the two Gardens will be his residence and the other will be his orchard

And sixth supporting point: One of the two Gardens will be the low palaces and the other will be the higher ones.”[10]

[1] Surat ar-Raḥmān, 55:46

[2] An-Nakat wal-‘Uyūn

[3] Jām‘i al-Bayān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān

[4] Ibid

[5] Ibid

[6] Ibid

[7] Jām‘i li-Aḥkām al-Qur’ān

[8] Jawāhir al-assān Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān

[9] An-Nakat wal-‘Uyūn

[10] Ibid