Tuesday, 12 May,

A Collection of Tafsīr Surat Al Baqarah, Ayah #5

Posted in (02) Tafsīr Sūraħ Al Baqaraħ tagged , , , , , , , at 5:42 pm by Ibn Abi Ukhti

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
الحمد الله

أُولَـٰئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

“They are those on (true) guidance from their Lord, and they are the successful.”


There are two opinions regarding who this ayah is referred to:

1)      They are the believers amongst the ‘Arabs. [opinion of ‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas, ‘AbduLlah bin Mas’ud and a group of Sahabah رضي الله عنهم]

2)      They are the people of Scripture

Then Ibn Jarir AlTabari رحمه الله presented his opinion as a conclusion,

“In our view, the best interpretation is that reported from ‘AbduLlah bin Mas’ud and ‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas and that “They are those…”refers to both groups.” [1]

أُولَـٰئِكَ

refers to those who believe in the Unseen, establish prayer, spend from what Allah سبحانه وتعالى provided them, prepare for the necessary requirements for the hereafter by performing good deeds and avoid the prohibitions. [2]

عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ:

‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas رضي الله عنهما said, “Who proceed according to a light from their Lord and go straight forward according to what came to them.”[3]

Shaykh Muhammad  Saalih bin ‘Uthaymeen رحمه الله writes in his Tafsir,

“Their treading upon it like they are hurrying up on a clear and unambiguous path, they don’t have any doubt. You would see them accepting righteous deeds like a lamp in front find them, for example, looking in the secrets of the Shari’ah of Allah سبحانه وتعالى and its wisdom knowing from it which is hidden from most people. You would also find them experiencing AlQadhaa’ wa AlQadr as if they are witnessing the command in their favour even though they are being afflicted with something that is harming them or being of evil nature. They see that in their favour because Allah سبحانه وتعالى has indeed illuminated for them the path so they are guidance from their Lord. Guidance is like ride saving them from destruction or a ship salvaging them from drowning.”

مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ:

Their Creator, Planner of their affairs [4]

وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ:

‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas رضي الله عنهما said, “It means those who attain what they seek and are delivered from the evil they flee.” [5]

Personal Comments:

Allah سبحانه و تعلى mentions this ayah right after giving a description of those who possess Taqwa. In those two ayahs, Allah سبحانه و تعلى summarises His Right upon His slaves which is to have belief in the Unseen and worship Him alone.  This ayah also discusses the etiquette we should have whilst dealing with Allah سبحانه و تعلى. Because of the belief in Allah سبحانه و تعلى whilst not having seen Him, a believer develops the concept of ihsaan in his worship, haya’ from Allah سبحانه و تعلى because he knows that his Lord is watching him. Belief in Qadr results in the believer having tawakkul in Him, submission and acceptance to His Will and an unconditional love for Him because the believer knows whatever He Wills is good for him. And also that everything was given to him by no other than Allah سبحانه و تعلى and this increases in his love for Him.

And thus we conclude from verse # 5 that the reward for people who fulfill the rights of Allah سبحانه و تعلى is guidance from Allah سبحانه و تعلى in this life and success (i.e. Paradise) in the hereafter.

Another point to note is that Allah سبحانه و تعالى mentioned His Rights very early on in the Qur’an which shows the great importance of them. In the near future we shall, insha’Allah, encounter ayaat that talk about rights of others and rights of oneself.  And indeed Allah سبحانه و تعالى knows best.


[1] Tafsir AlTabari

[2] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[3] Tafsir AlTabari

[4] Tafsir Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

[5] Tafsir AlTabari & Tafsir Ibn Kathir

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