Friday, 8 May,

Ibrāhīm عليه السلام’s Description of Allah سبحانه و تعالى Part 1/10

Posted in (26) Tafsīr Sūraħ Ash-Shu‘rā’ tagged , , , , at 1:38 am by Ibn al-Kashmiri

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

الحمد الله

We learn in Surat ash-Shu‘rā’ that Ibrāhīm عليه السلام’s father and people rejected him and he left them because of their stubbornness on their disbelief saying which was documented by Allāh سبحانه و تعالى,

فَإِنَّهُمْ عَدُوٌّ لِّي إِلَّا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ

“‘Verily! They are enemies to me, save the Lord of the ‘Alamin’” [1]

Then he starts describing who Allāh سبحانه و تعالى is, beginning with,

الَّذِي خَلَقَنِي فَهُوَ يَهْدِينِ

“‘Who has created me, and it is He Who guides me.’”[2]

Imām al-Māwardī رحمه الله explains the ayah mentioned above, by mentioning two statements regarding it,

1)      Created me with His blessings and He Guided me to His obedience.

2)      The One who Created me for his obedience and Guided me to His Paradise.” [3]

Al-Ḥāfidh Ibn Kathīr رحمه الله comments, “He is the Creator Who has decreed certain things to which He guides His creation, so each person follows the path which is decreed for him. Allah is the One Who guides whomsoever He wills and leaves astray whomsoever He wills.”[4]

What we can learn from this ayah:

1)      We learn by going through the Qur’an, that whenever Allāh سبحانه و تعالى introduces Himself or someone introduces Him, many of the times the two Attributes of  Creation and Guidance are mentioned for example:

سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الْأَعْلَى ﴿١﴾ الَّذِي خَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ ﴿٢﴾ وَالَّذِي قَدَّرَ فَهَدَىٰ ﴿٣﴾

“Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High! Who has created (everything), and then proportioned it and Who has measured (preordainments for each and everything even to be blessed or wretched); then guided.[5]

2)      We understand from this ayah that Allāh سبحانه و تعالى is the not the God the deists have belief in. They believe that Allāh سبحانه و تعالى created the Universe and whatever is in it but left everything alone and has no intervention in it. But we find that here Ibrāhīm عليه السلام says that Allāh سبحانه و تعالى is the One who Created him and Guided him. Obviously guidance will be given to the one who is already created.

3)      Importance of guidance after creation. The most essential thing for a human being after his/her creation is guidance to al-Islām.

4)      It shows the priority of what to be more thankful for. The next ayah is when Ibrāhīm عليه السلام says, “And it is He Who feeds me and gives me to drink.” His thanking Allāh سبحانه و تعالى for guidance to al-Islām before the blessing of food and water shows that Islām deserves to be thanked for more than anything else

5)      From the Tafsīr of Imām al-Māwardī رحمه الله point #1, we learn that people can be guided to Islām but then they might still persist on committing sins but Ibrāhīm عليه السلام was guided not only to Islām, but also to the Obedience of Allāh سبحانه و تعالى.

And indeed Allāh سبحانه و تعالى knows best.

[1] Surat ash-Shu‘rā’, 26:77

[2] Surat ash-Shu‘rā’, 26:78

[3] An-Nakat wal-‘Uyūn

[4] Tafsīr Ibn Kathīr

[5] Surat al-A‘lā, 87:1-3


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