Friday, 1 May,

A Collection of Tafsīr Surat Al Baqarah, Ayah #4

Posted in (02) Tafsīr Sūraħ Al Baqaraħ tagged , , , , , at 12:32 am by Ibn Abi Ukhti

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
الحمد الله

Ayah 4:


وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ

“And who believe in which has been sent down (to you) and in which were sent down before you and they believe with certainty in the Hereafter.”

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ:

There are two opinions regarding who this phrase is referred to:

1)      They are the believers from people of Scripture [opinion of ‘AbduLlah bin ‘Abbas, ‘AbduLlah bin Mas’ud and a group of companions رضي الله عنهم ] [1]

2)      They believe in what Allah سبحانه وتعالى sent you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) with and in previous Messengers and they do not distinguish between them, nor do they reject what they brought from their Lord. [opinion of Ibn Kathir رحمه الله] [2]

The stronger and most correct opinion if of the Sahabah رضي الله عنهم

أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ is the Qur`an[3]

وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ:

There are two reasons why the hereafter is called the آخِرَةِ:

1)      Because it is preceded by this dunya

2)      Because of its deferment (ta’akhkhur) after creation just as this world is called the dunya because of its proximity (dunoow) to the creation. [4]

الْآخِرَةِ:

It means:

1)      Resurrection

2)      Paradise

3)      Hell

4)      Reckoning

5)      Weighing of good and bad deeds [5]

يُوقِنُونَ means belief without any doubt [6]


[1] Tafsir AlTabari

[2] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[3] Tafsir AlQurtubi

[4] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[5] Tafsir Ibn Kathir

[6] Tafsir AlQurtubi

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